Alternate Leg ID: 85 Leg 2
Area of Operations: central Gulf of Mexico, Mississippi fan area, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, United States, North America, North Atlantic
Dates: September 05, 1985 to September 29, 1985
Objectives: The purpose of the cruise was to map the sea floor between the shelf edge and the seaward limit of the EEZ, using the GLORIA system owned and operated by IOS. Leg 2 focused in the central Gulf of Mexico on the Mississippi Fan seaward of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida.
Type of Activity:
Information to be derived:
Summary: This cruise was very successful. Equipment down time was minimal. The warm surface water temperature continued to limit the GLORIA range necessitating closer line spacing than planned. The presence of the loop current for the last half of the cruise not only provided warm surface water temperatures but also a strong current often approaching 4 knots. The current shear prevented the GLORIA fish from towing parallel to the ships track, introducing some distortion in the mosaic. In the northeast portion of the Gulf near Desoto Canyon fishing boats with lines set across our proposed track caused a problem requiring several lines to be terminated early. Leg 3A will collect data to cover these data gaps. An additional 8 days will be necessary on Leg 3 to complete the coverage of the Mississippi Fan. The objective of this leg was to map the surface features in the Mississippi Fan area. Although the channel of the Mississippi could be identified on the mid-fan, over much of the fan the channel was obscured by a major submarine slide or slides. Flow patterns were well displayed on the surface and the slide could be mapped to the base of the West Florida Escarpment. Another submarine slide was also present in the Desoto Canyon area. The meandering channel from Desoto Canyon was traced from this slide seaward parallel to the escarpment. Mass wasting appears to be an important process in distributing sediments in the deep water of the central Gulf. The Sigsbee Escarpment was mapped to the east as far as the Mississippi Canyon. Isolated salt diapirs were present to the east of the Mississippi Canyon.
USGS Project Number: EEZ
Contact: Bonnie McGregor ()
InfoBank: uses the identifier F-2-85-GM. Visit this site for more information.
Map for Area of Operations :
|Related Resources: ||Station Descriptions||Seismic Line Descriptions||Track Plot||Related Web Site|
The following materials for this field activity are available in the Information Archives:
Data and publications on CD-ROM/DVD-ROM:
|Inventory #||# per set||Data Type||Contents||Author||Year||Report #||Format||Title||Remarks|
|1570||01/01||SSS||GLORIA ATLANTIC GEOTIFF||PASKEVICH VF||20030604||INTERNAL ARCHIVE ARCHIVE GLORIA GEOTIFF IMAGES US EAST COAST, GULF MEXICO, CAYMAN ISLANDS, PUERTO RICO AREAS|
|1571||01/01||SSS||GLORIA GULF MEXICO GEOTIFF||PASKEVICH VF||20030605||INTERNAL ARCHIVE ARCHIVE GLORIA GEOTIFF IMAGES GULF MEXICO|
|0276||01/01||SSS BTH||GLORIA IMAGES||19||GLORIA GULF OF MEXICO||*85027, 85034|
|0166||01/01||Publication||GLORIA MOSAICS, GEO MAPS||TWICHELL, POLLONI, AMBROZIAK, COOK||1993||DDS-0015||CD-ROM ATLAS DEEPWATER US EEZ ATLANTIC, GULF MEXICO, EASTERN CARIBBEAN||*82005,85027,85034,85039,87004,87008,87010,87015|
|0511||01/01||Publication||SSS GEOL BTHY GULF MEXICO||PASKEVICH, VALERIE||2000||OF00-0019||GULF MEXICO GLORIA SIDESCAN SONAR GEOLOGIC INTERPRETATION: ARCVIEW DATA COVERAGES|
|0081||01/01||SSS||GLORIA/MOSAIC 1-16||PASKEVICH V||1995||DIGITAL MOSAICS OF THE GLORIA SIDESCAN SONAR DATA OF THE GULF OF MEXICO 1982 AND 1985||*2, 3A|
|0152||01/01||Publication||GLORIA MOSAICS,||PASKEVICH||1996||OF96-0657||DIGITAL MOSAICS GLORIA SIDESCAN SONAR DATA GULF OF MEXICO||2 COPIES|
|0153||01/01||Publication||GLORIA SSS, NAV||TWICHELL, PASKEVICH||1996||OF96-0707||GLORIA SIDESCAN SONAR FIELD, NAVIGATION DATA GULF OF MEXICO FARNELLA 1982, 1985|
|2801||01/01||Publication||GIS SEIS SAMP N GULF MEXICO||TWICHELL, CROSS, PASKEVICH, HUTCHINSON, WINTERS, *||20060808||OF 2005-1071||GIS SELECTD GEOPHYSICAL AND CORE DATA NORTHERN GULF MEXICO CONTINENTAL SLOPE COLLECTED BY US GEOLOGICAL SURVEY, 2005||*DFRN, GYRE; *HART|